Definition and Examples of Helping Verbs in English

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Definition and Examples of Helping Verbs in English

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Today we are sharing an important pdf in hindi Definition and Examples of Helping Verbs in English Helping verbs are defined as verbs that help the main verb in a sentence by extending its meaning. They add detail to the main verb and are needed to complete the structure of a sentence. They can also clarify how time is conveyed in a sentence. As a result, helping verbs are used to create the complicated progressive and perfect verb tenses. Learn about the two types of helping verbs (auxiliary and modal) and review examples of each.

Definition and Examples of Helping Verbs in English Helping verbs that add meaning to the clause where they are being used are called auxiliary verbs. This usage is so common that the terms helping verb and auxiliary verb are often used interchangeably. This type of helping verb is used to express tense or add emphasis.

Definition and Examples of Helping Verbs in English इस Article में English की सभी Verbs को cover किया गया है और उसके बाद Verbs की दो Practice Exercises भी दी गयी हैं। ध्यान से पढिए, देखिए और सीखिए। इसके बाद आप Tense के Article {LINK HERE} को भी जरूर पढिएगा।

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Helping Verbs in English

Q1- Kinds of The Verb (क्रिया के प्रकार)

वाक्यों में प्रयोग के आधार पर Verbs को दो वर्गों में बाँटा गया है –

Main Verb (प्रधान क्रिया)

Helping Verb / Auxiliary Verb  (सहायक क्रिया)

1.Main Verb (प्रधान क्रिया)

जो क्रिया किसी वाक्य में अकेले या सहायक क्रिया के साथ आती है, वह प्रधान क्रिया कहलाती है।

The verbs used alone or together with helping verbs are called main verbs.

इन वाक्यों में Bold अक्षरों में  शब्द Main Verbs हैं –

(a) I am a boy.

(b) I am reading

(c) I love her.

(d) He will do it.

Q2.Helping Verb / Auxiliary Verb  (सहायक क्रिया)

जो क्रिया tense, voice, mood इत्यादि के निर्माण में प्रधान क्रिया (Main Verb) की सहायता करती है, वह Helping Verb कहलाती है।

A helping verb is one which helps the main verb to form a tense, voice, mood, etc.

इन वाक्यों में Bold अक्षरों में  शब्द Helping Verb हैं –

(a) I am reading.

(b) My brother has come.

(c) He will go.

(d) You should do this.

मुख्य Helping verbs निम्नलिखित हैं –

am, is, are, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, had, shall, will, can, could, may, might, must, ought, should, would, need, dare, used to.

इन Auxiliary Verbs am, is, are, was, were, have, has, had, do, does, did, need और dare ऐसे  Verbs हैं जो Main Verb की तरह प्रयुक्त होते हैं तो कभी Helping Verb की तरह ।

जैसे –

(a) He is ready. (is-main verb)

(b) He is going. (is helping verb)

(c) Did he come? (did-helping verb)

(d) He did this.  (did-main verb)

Note 1  – यदि किसी वाक्य में एक ही क्रिया हो, तो वह क्रिया Main Verb कहलाएगी।

जैसे –

(a) I have a dog. (have-main verb)

(b) He is a boy.  (is-main verb)

Note 2 – यदि किसी वाक्य में दो या दो से अधिक Verbs एक साथ प्रयुक्त हों, तो सबसे अंत में आनेवाला verb Main Verb कहलाएगा और अन्य verbs Helping Verbs कहलाएँगे।

जैसे –

(a) I have been reading.

(have-helping verb, been-helping verb, reading main verb)

(b) I have been a teacher. (have-helping verb, been-main verb)


Main Verb को दो भागों में बाँटा गया है –

Transitive Verb (सकर्मक क्रिया)

Intransitive Verb (अकर्मक क्रिया )

Transitive Verb (सकर्मक क्रिया)

जिस क्रिया के बाद कर्म (object) का प्रयोग हुआ हो, उस क्रिया को Transitive Verb कहेंगे ।

The verb used with an object is called a transitive verb.

इन वाक्योंको देखें –

Ram eats rice.

I love you.

He has helped my brother.

I know this.

My brother has read the book.

I like these beautiful flowers.

rice, you, my brother, this, the book of these beautiful flowers Objects (कर्म) हैं। अतः इनके पहले प्रयुक्त Verbs eats, love, helped, know, read of like  Transitive Verb कहेंगे |

Intransitive Verb (अकर्मक क्रिया )

जिस क्रिया के बाद कर्म (object) का प्रयोग नहीं हुआ हो, उस क्रिया को Intransitive Verb कहेंगे।

The verb used without an object is called an intransitive verb.

इन वाक्यों को देखें –

I eat.

I go to school.

Ram walks in the field.

I sleep.

He gets up at five o’clock.

He ran fast.

इन वाक्यों में कोई कर्म (object) नहीं है। अतः प्रयुक्त Verbs eat, go, walks, sleep, gets up और ran Intransitive Verbs कहलाएँगे।.

सकर्मक क्रिया – Transitive Verb

ऐसी मुख्य क्रिया जो अपने अर्थ को स्पष्ट करने के लिए केवल एक या एक से अधिक Object का Use करती है साथ ही Helping Verb का Use भी होता है सकर्मक क्रिया कहलाती है


1- वह स्कूल जाता है

Ans- He goes to school

He – Subject

Goes – Transitive Verb

School – Object

Q2- मैं आप सभी के साथ भोपाल जाने वाला हूं

Ans- I am going to Bhopal with all of you.

I – Subject

Am – Helping Verb

Go – Main verb (Transitive verb)

Bhopal- Object

All of You – Object

अकर्मक क्रिया – Intransitive Verb

अकर्मक क्रिया देख लिया कहलाती है जिसमें  वाक्य को पूरा करने के लिए Object  की आवश्यकता नहीं होती इसमें केवल Subject और Main Verb ही होता है

Example –

1- वह खाता है

Ans- He eats

2- वह गया

Ans- He goes

He – Subject

Goes – Main Verb (Intransitive verb)

Helping Verbs in English


What क्या

वाक्य की रचना :

What + सहायक क्रिया + कर्ता [ Subject ] + क्रिया [ Verb ] + Object + ?

1. उसे क्या पसंद है?

1. What does he like?

2. सोनम ने क्या पसंद किया?

2. What did sonam like?

3. तुम्हें क्या पसंद लगा?

3. What did you like?

4. तुमने क्या खाया है?

4. What have you eaten.

5. वह क्या कह रहा है?

5. What is he saying?

6. तुम क्या सुन रहे हो?

6. What are you listening?

7. तुम क्या करते हो?

7. What do you do?

Tense in Hindi

Q8. सोनाली ने तुम्हें क्या बताया?

8. What did sonali tell you?

Q9. उसने राजेश को क्या बताया?

9. What did he tell rajesh?

10. तुम क्या खाओगे?

10. What will you eat?


When कब

वाक्य की रचना :

When + सहायक क्रिया + कर्ता [ Subject ] + क्रिया [ Verb ] + Object + ?

1. हम कब खा सकते हैं?

1. When can we eat?

2. हम वहाँ कब पहुंचेंगे?

2. When will we arrive there?

Helping Verbs in English

3. आपकी बहन वहाँ कब गई?

3. When did your sister go there?

4. तुम उसे कब देखना चाहोगे?

4. When would you like to see her?

5. सोनाली फिर कब आओगी?

5. When will sonali come again?

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6. उसने मेरी पेन कब ली?

6. When did he get my pen?

7. राजेश कब उठता है?

7. When does rajesh get up?

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