English Study Notes For All Teaching Exams (CTET&TETs)

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English Study Notes For All Teaching Exams (CTET&TETs)

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English Grammar Study Notes English Study Notes For All Teaching Exams (CTET&TETs)  English Section comes in TET and recruitment exams which contain English Grammar and English pedagogy. English is the most crucial subject in Language Section. English Grammar contains overall 30 marks in TET with English Pedagogy in both papers. English Grammar section includes Comprehension,  Pedagogy, poem, Articles, Modal, Verbs, etc. The examination pattern of English Grammar depends on exams.

 English Study Notes For All Teaching Exams (CTET&TETs) Many candidate does not score well in English Grammar Section due to difficulty in the grammar part as well as the pedagogy topic. Here we are providing English Grammar Free Study Material in PDF Format for candidate for their exam preparation. English Grammar Study Notes will give opportunity to improve your performance, and to score good marks in CTET, HTET and Recruitment Exams i.e. DSSSB, NVS, KVS.

English Grammar Study Notes in PDF Format has been given below. English Study Notes For All Teaching Exams (CTET&TETs)  Candidate can download English Grammar notes topic wise here with details. Here we are providing English Grammar Study notes i.e. Verbs, Noun, Article, Sentences, Narrations, Voices etc. which will help candidate in CTET Exam preparation.

English Study Notes 

Kinds of Noun-

Nouns are classified as follows-

(A) Proper noun

(B) Common Noun

(C) Collective Noun

(D) Material Noun

(E) Abstract Noun

Proper Noun (व्यक्तिवाचक संज्ञा)

वह Noun जिससे किसी विशेष व्यक्ति, स्थान, वस्तु आदि का ज्ञान होता है जैसे- Ram, Sita, Kalidas, Agra, Lucknow, Tajmahal, Red fort etc.

Common Noun (जातिवाचक संज्ञा)

वह संज्ञा जिससे एक ही प्रकार के प्राणी या वस्तु की जाति का बोध होता है जैसे- horse, man, book ,table, pencil etc.

Collective Noun (समूहवाचक संज्ञा)

वह संज्ञा शब्द जो समूह की ओर संकेत करता है, collective noun कहलाता है जैसे- Army, Band, Team , Bundle, Class, Flock, Crowd etc.

Material Noun (पदार्थ वाचक संज्ञा)

वे संज्ञा शब्द जिनसे द्रव्य, धातु अथवा पदार्थों का बोध होता है, Material noun (पदार्थ वाचक संज्ञा) कहलाते हैं जैसे- Gold, Silver, Flour, Stone, Milk, water etc.

Abstract Noun (भाववाचक संज्ञा)

वह संज्ञा शब्द जिससे भावना गुण, कार्य, दशा आदि का बोध होता है, Abstract Noun कहलाता है जैसे- Joy, Grief, Freedom, Boyhood, happiness, Honesty, Beauty, illness etc.

English Grammar PDF

  • What is Grammar
  • Sentences
  • Parts of speech
  • Tense
  • Voice
  • Determiners
  • Degree of compression
  • Transformation
  • Glossary of English Terms
  • English Commonest words
  • Punctuation
  • Articles
  • Framing Questions

   Topic Related Posts


Question: Grammar should be taught by

(a) giving clear explanations

(b) enabling practice in the context

(c) asking students to learn rules

(d) making learners do written assignments

Answer: (b)

Question: There are 44 sounds in English. Out of these, how many sounds are vowels and how many are consonants respectively?

(a) 20, 24

(b) 5, 39

(c) 22, 22

(d) 10, 34

Answer: (a)

Question: Which one of the following is not true about the status of English language across the world?

(a) English as a native language

(b) English as a heritage language

(c) English as a foreign language

(d) English as a second language

Answer: (b)

English Study Notes 

Question: The study of words and their meanings is known as

(a) semantics

(b) linguistics

(c) phonetics

(d) syntax

Answer: (a)

Question: Etymology is:

(a) science of Pedagogy.

(b) science of study of language.

(c) science of meaning of words.

(d) science of knowing the origin of words.

Answer: (d)

Question: A word gets its meaning:

(a) in relation to its context

(b) from dictionary only

(c) spelling

(d) from its origin

Answer: (d)

Question: The first-generation learners are those who are:

(a) coming first time to school to seek admission.

(b) learning Hindi for the first time.

(c) learning English for the first time.

(d) the first from their family to come to school.

Answer: (d)

Question: Good paragraph writing in English involves:

(a) Correct punctuation marks

(b) Ideas, presentation, and coherence

(c) Flowery language

(d) Legible handwriting

Answer: (b)

Question: Children can best learn a language when they having

(a) a good textbook

(b) a proficient language teacher

(c) inhibition

(d) motivation

Answer: (d)

Question: 1


(A) Agitated

(B) Complicated

(C) Impure

(D) Showy

View Answer

Ans: A


Clearly Agitated is a antonym of Serene.

Question: 2


(A) Generous

(B) Rich

(C) Extravagant

(D) Cheerful

View Answer

Ans: A


Clearly Generous is a antonym of Stingy.

Question: 3


(A) Bring out

(B) Wear away

(C) Aggravate

(D) Throw up

View Answer

Ans: C


Clearly Aggravate is a synonym of Exacerbate.

Question: 4


(A) Responsible

(B) Intolerant

(C) Strong

(D) Unreliable

View Answer

Ans: B


Clearly Intolerant is a antonym of Liberal.

English Study Notes 

Question: 5


(A) Indolent

(B) Diseased

(C) Homesick

(D) Soothing

View Answer

Ans: C


Clearly Homesick is a synonym of Nostalgic.












Ans: C


Clearly Spoken is a synonym of Tacit.

Report / Suggestion

Error Spotting Question Type – 1
Q The first kind of error in the error spotting questions is about determining whether a singular or plural verb is to be used in a sentence. To better understand the same, consider the example –
1. [a] Many students is/ [b] competing for/ [c] IITs and IIMs / [d] no error. Spot the error in the sentence.

While this is an easy question, the answer, in this case, would be the option [a]. Many students is’ would become ‘many students are’. So, in the first case, the singular is changed to the plural verb.

Error Spotting Question Type – 2
The second kind of error spotting question involves the case of fillers before the infinite verbs. For reference, an infinite verb refers to anything that comes after ‘to’, such as ‘to play, ‘to sing’, ‘to read’, etc. Consider this example to better understand the kind of question you may be asked in this case-
2. [a] Do you know / [b] to sing / [c] a song/ [d] no error. Spot the error in the sentence.

In this case, as you might have guessed, the answer is an option [b]. The infinite verb, ‘to sing’ is incomplete without ‘how’ and hence it is the correct answer.

Error Spotting Question Type – 3

The third and last kind of error spotting question is generally harder than the first two and they involve the tenses of verbs. In other words, in this kind of question, you need to spot the error which has to do with the correct tense of the verb. The tenses error spotting questions are common and hard not because the concept is hard to grasp, but because they can be asked in so many ways. Hence, this kind of question requires more practice. Consider this example –

3. [a] The governor was efficient / [b] and ensure that the king was happy / [c] as well as his subjects / [d] no error.

This is the simplest kind of question that one could expect from the tenses in the error spotting topic, but it does give a clear picture or idea of the case. In this case, the second option would be [b] and ensured that the king was happy as the event had occurred in the past (as could be determined by the first part of the sentence).

Therefore, it is necessary to know all three types of error spotting questions to best prepare oneself to answer all of them in the exam in an efficient manner.

CBSE Class 10 English Grammar Editing

English Error Detection and Correction PDF Download

Tips & Tricks for Spotting Errors in English:
Even those students who are well–versed with English end up making the silliest of errors in grammar. It is a very natural tendency but error-spotting is not an art that one can’t master. It is just a matter of swearing by some guidelines and practice! Here are 26 tips for error spotting in English:

Q1. Certain nouns possess a singular form but still represent plurality and thus, take a plural verb when used in a sentence.
E.g. Cattle, peasantry, people, clergy, police.
The Police has come (Incorrect)
The Police have come (Correct)

Q2. Certain nouns always take the plural verb because their form is always plural.
E.g. Scissors, trousers, spectacles, thanks, premises.
The scissors is kept on the table. (Incorrect)
The scissors are kept on the table. (Correct)

Q3. When a number is followed by a noun denoting measure, length, money, number or weight, the form of the nouns does not change so long as they are followed by another noun or pronoun.
E.g. Million, pair, metre, year, dozen, foot, head.
This is a nine – meters cloth. (Incorrect)
This is a nine-meter cloth. (Correct)

Q4. When a number is followed by a noun denoting measure, length, money, number or weight, but these are not followed by another noun or pronoun, then they take the plural form.
E.g. Million, pair, meter, year, dozen, foot, head.
This sari is nine yards long. (Incorrect)
This sari is nine yards long. (Correct)

Q5. Certain nouns, especially of the collective category, are used as singular when they specify a unit.
E.g. Public, team, committee, government, audience, orchestra, company, jury.
The public was unanimous in their opinion. (Incorrect)
The public was unanimous in its opinion. (Correct)

Q6. Certain nouns, especially of the collective category, are used in plural when they specify a difference of opinion or class.
E.g. Public, team, committee, government, audience, orchestra, company, jury.
The jury was divided in its opinion. (Incorrect)
The jury was divided in their opinion. (Correct)

100 golden rules of English Grammar for error detection
and sentence improvement
Q7. If the pronoun ‘one’ is used, it must be maintained throughout the sentence.
One must respect his elders. (Incorrect)
One must respect one’s elders. (Correct)

Q8. The word ‘whose’ is used for living people and ‘which is used for non-living things or ideas.
Which box is kept on the table? (Incorrect)
Whose box is kept on the table? (Correct)

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