Modern History Of India In Hindi PDF आधुनिक भारत का इतिहास

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Modern History Of India In Hindi PDF आधुनिक भारत का इतिहास

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History Of Modern India by Bipan Chandra PDF in English Main Contents

  • The Decline of The Mughal Empire
  • Indian States and Society in the 18 Century
  • The Beginnings of European Settlements Chapter
  • The British Conquest of India CHAPTER V
  • The Structural of the Government and the Economic
  • Policies of the British Empire in India, 1757—1857
  • Administrative Organisation and Social and Cultural Policy
  • Social and Cultural Awakening in the First Half of the 19th Century
  • ^ The Revolt of 1857
  • Administrative Changes After 1838
  • India And Her Neighbors
  • Economic Impact of the British Rule
  • Growth of New India—The Nationalist Movement 1858—1905
  • Growth of New India Religious and Social Reform After 1858
  • Nationalist Movement 1905—1918
  • Struggle for Swaraj

आधुनिक भारत का इतिहास विपिन चंद्र PDF in Hindi का मुख्य अंश

  • कांग्रेस विभाजन तथा क्रांतिकारी आतंकवाद का उदय
  • प्रथम विश्वयुद्ध और भारतीय राष्ट्रवाद: ग़दर आन्दोलन
  • ‘होम रूल लीग’ आन्दोलन
  • गाँधी : दक्षिण अफ्रीका रोलेट सत्याग्रह तक
  • असहयोग आंदोलन 1920-22
  • किसान आंदोलन और राष्ट्रीय स्वाधीनता संघर्ष उ. प्र. मालाबार और बारदोली
  • भारत का मजदूर वर्ग और राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन
  • गुरुद्वारा सुधार व मंदिर प्रवेश आंदोलन
  • राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन में ठहराव के वर्ष
  • भगत सिंह, सूर्य सेन और अन्य क्रांतिकारी

Modern History Question Answers

1.Who founded the Banaras Hindu University ,the largest residential Central University in Asia located in Varanasi?

[A] Vivekananda
[B] Annie Besant
[C] Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya
[D] Jawahar lal Nehru

Answer: C [Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya]
In 1915, under Lord Hardinge, BHU act was passed by which Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya established the Banaras Hindu University. The idea of this university was mooted as early as 1904.


2.Who was the first Indian to get elected in House of commons?

[A] Bhikaji Kama
[B] JRD Tata
[C] Dadabhai Naoroji
[D] Dinshaw Edulji Wacha

Answer: C [Dadabhai Naoroji]
Dadabhai Naoroji is known as mentor of both Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Mahatma Gandhi. His magnum opus ‘‘Poverty and UnBritish Rule in India’’ propounded the ‘‘drain theory’’ He was the first Indian to become a member of the House of Commons on the Liberal Party ticket. He served as Member in the House of Commons from 1892 to 1895. He became the president of INC thrice, in 1886, 1893 and 1906.


3.In which year Hindu mahasabha was established?

[A] 1910
[B] 1915
[C] 1916
[D] 1918

Answer: B [1915]
Hindu Mahasabha was founded in 1915 by Madan Mohan Malviya.It worked with Arya Samaj and other Hindu organizations. It was directly link with Rashtriya Swam Sevak Sangh founded in 1925 at Nagpur by K.B.Hegewar.The first All India Hindu Mahasabha Conference was organized at Hardwar in 1915. The Sabha ecame more aggressive after 1929 and started propagating Hindu Rashtra which was totally differ from Gandhiji’s Ram Rajya.


4.Great Game is a term used for the strategic rivalry and conflict between which of the following ?

[A] British Empire and Russian Empire
[B] British Empire and French Empire
[C] British Empire and Portuguese Empire
[D] British Empire and Chinese Empire

Answer: A [British Empire and Russian Empire]
“The Great Game” refers to the political and diplomatic conflict between UK and Russia during 19th century over Afghanistan and other nearby territories. The basic premise of the British policy was governed by a desire to keep her Indian empire safe and secure from the perceived threat of Russia.The threat was obvious due to her growing influence in Central Asia and Persia. The term Great Game was coined by the British novelist Rudyard Kipling in his novel Kim (1901).


5.Who among the following is the first Indian to win a Hoover Prize?

[A] Atal Bihari Vajpayee
[B] APJ Abdul Kalam
[C] Man Mohan Singh
[D] Sonia Gandhi

Answer: B [APJ Abdul Kalam]
The Hoover Medal is an American engineering prize. It is America’s prestigious award for outstanding extra-career services by engineers to humanity. APJ Abdul Kalam won the Hoover Prize in 2008.


6.Which among the following was the first French enclave of Pondicherry to merge with the Dominion of India?

[A] Mahe
[B] Karaikal
[C] Chandranagore
[D] Pondicherry

Answer: D [Pondicherry]
Pondicherry was the first French enclave of Pondicherry to merge with the Dominion of India.


7.In which of the following years, first commercial civil aviation flight took place in India between Allahabad and Naini?

[A] 1910
[B] 1911
[C] 1912
[D] 1915

Answer: B [1911]
The first commercial civil aviation flight in India took off from the place of Allahabad to Naini (Total distance of 9.7 kilometer) on 18th February 1911.


8.In which year, Imperial Records Department (IRD) was established, which is now known as National Archives of India?

[A] 1885
[B] 1887
[C] 1889
[D] 1891

Answer: D [1891]
The National Archives of India was established as the Imperial Record Department in 1891 in Calcutta. G. W. Forrest was declared as the department head. In the year 1911, it was transferred to New Delhi.


9.About which of the following books, Mahatma Gandhi has said that “it brought about an instaneous and practical transformation in my life”?

[A] Anna Karenina
[B] War & Peace
[C] Kingdom of God is within You
[D] Unto this last

Answer: D [Unto this last]
Unto This Last is an essay and book on economy which was written by John Ruskin. It was first published in 1860 in the monthly journal Cornhill Magazine. Ruskin inspired Gandhiji’s decision to live an austere life. Gandhiji quoted “It brought about an instaneous and practical transformation in my life”.


10.There were three people in the Indian National Congress whose influence and persuasion led to a sort of agreement between the INC and British , which led to talks between Gandhi and Lord Irwin, commonly known as Gandhi Irwin Pact. Who among the following 4 given options was not among these three?

[A] Tej Bahadur Sapru
[B] M R Jayakar
[C] V S Srinivasa Shastri
[D] Purshottam Das Tandon

Answer: D [Purshottam Das Tandon]
Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru, M R Jayakar, VS Srinivasa Sastri had exercised their influence on Congress to bring about a settlement that ultimately was signed on 5 march 1931 and was known as Gandhi Irwin Pact.

History Important Questions and Answers

1. Where did Lord Buddha attain enlightenment? Bodhgaya
2. Who founded Arya Samaj? Swami Dayanand
3. What is the script of Punjabi language? Gurmukhi
4. Which is the southernmost edge of the mainland of India? Kanyakumari
5. In which state the sun rises first in India? Arunachal Pradesh
6. Insulin is used in the treatment of which disease? Diabetes
7. Bihu is the famous festival of which state? Assam
8. Which vitamin is found in abundance in Amla? Vitamin C
9. Who was the first Governor General of India? William Bentinck
10. In which country was paper invented? China
11. What was the childhood name of Gautam Buddha? Siddhartha
12. Who is the supreme commander of the armed forces in India? President
13. Night blindness is caused by the deficiency of which vitamin? Vitamin A
14. Pongal is the festival of which state? Tamil Nadu
15. Giddha and Bhangra are folk dances of which state? Punjab
16. Who invented the television? John Logie Baird
17. Who was the first woman ruler of India? Razia Sultan Quiz Questions
18. With whose help does the fish breathe? gills
19. Who gave the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’? Bhagat Singh
20. When and where did the Jallianwala Bagh massacre take place? 1919 AD Amritsar
21. Which party was founded by Subhash Chandra Bose after leaving the Congress in 1939? forward block
22. Who is known as ‘Punjab Kesari’? Lala Lajpat Rai
23. Who killed Saunders? Bhagat Singh
24. Who gave his sacrifice first in the rebellion of 1857 AD? Mangal Pandey
25. Who was the first woman governor of India? Sarojini Naidu
26. Who was the first woman to climb Mount Everest twice? Santosh Yadav
27. By whom was the ‘Brahma Samaj’ founded? Raja Ram Mohan Roy
28. What was the original name of Swami Dayanand Saraswati? moolshankar
29. Who gave the slogan ‘Lots on the Vedas’? Dayanand Saraswati
30. Who founded the ‘Ramakrishna Mission’? Swami Vivekananda
31. When did Vasco da Gama come to India? 1498 AD
32. Where was Vasco da Gama from? Portugal
33. Where is Hawa Mahal situated? Jaipur
34. Which Sikh Guru is considered the founder of Sikhism? Guru Nanak
35. Which is the main festival of Sikhs? crutches

36. Which great man is called ‘Iron Man’? Sardar Patel
37. Which great person is called Netaji? Subhash Chandra Bose
38. What is the name of Lal Bahadur Shastri’s Samadhi in Delhi? Victory Ghato
39. Who is the author of Mahabharata? Maharishi Veda Vyasa
40. Who wrote the book called Arthashastra? Chanakya (Kautilya)
41. Who gave the slogan ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’? Lal Bahadur Shastri
42. Who was the permanent president of the Constituent Assembly? Dr. Rajendra Prasad
43. Who was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly? Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
44. World ‘Red Cross Day’ is celebrated on which date? May 8
45. Which country is famous as ‘the country of sunrise’? Japan
46. ​​International Women’s Day is celebrated on which date? March 8
47. Which is the smallest state of India in terms of area? Goa
48. Onam is the famous festival of which state? Kerala
49. When did Delhi become the capital of India? 1911
50. Which is the brightest planet? Venus

51. Which is the national animal of India? Tiger

52. Which is the national bird of India? more quiz questions
53. Which is the national aquatic animal of India? Ganges Dolphin
54. Which is the national fruit of India? Mango
55. Which is the national flower of India? Lotus
56. Which is the national tree of India? Banyan
57. Which is the national sport of India? Hockey
58. What is the ratio between the length and breadth of the national flag of India? 3:2
59. Who wrote the national anthem of India? Rabindranath Tagore
60. Which is the national anthem of India? I salute you, Mother
61. Who has written the national anthem of India? bankim chandra chatterjee
62. Who first called Mahatma Gandhi the Father of the Nation? Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose
63. What is our national calendar? Shaka era
64. What is the duration of singing the national anthem? 52 seconds
65. Who discovered radioactivity? by Henry Becquerel
66. Pace maker is related to which part of the body? Heart
67. Which gland of the human body is called ‘master gland’? pituitary gland
68. Which is the purest form of carbon? Diamond
69. Who invented X-ray? rantzen
70. Which metal was first used by man? Copper
71. How does the outer sky appear to the astronaut? Black
72. Who invented the telescope? by galileo
73. What is the name of the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi in Delhi? Raj Ghat
74. From where to where did the first train run in India? From Bombay (Present Mumbai) to Thane
75. In which city was the metro rail service started for the first time in India? Kolkata
76. In which year was the railway started in India? 1853
77. Who was the first Indian astronaut? Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma, in 1984
78. Who was the first woman Chief Minister of India? Smt. Sucheta Kriplani
79. Who was the first Chief Minister of Haryana? Pt. Bhagwat Dayal Sharma
80. When was the United Nations Organization established? 24 October 1945

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